Anthurium Plant (Complete Guide)

Anthurium Plant (Complete Guide)

Anthurium Plant (Complete Guide)

 Anthurium andraeanum is a flowering plant species in the family Araceae that is native to Colombia and Ecuador. This beautiful plant is a winner of the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit according to Wikipedia. It's endemic to the rainforests of Ecuador and Colombia

The leaves are glossy spade-shaped and sometimes mistaken for plastic but it is true-living plant! This iconic "flowers" are often cut and used in floral arrangements, and come in a range of colours depending on variety or hybrid of Anthurium (Yellow, White, Pink).

The “flowers” are actually called inflorescences and contain two parts: the spathe and the spadix. This type of inflorescence is a hallmark of the family Araceae that Anthurium adraeanum belongs to. You'll see similar inflorescences on related plants such as peace lilies (Spathiphyllum wallisii) and calla lilies (Zantedeschia aethiopica)! 

This plant can beneficial if its placed in a room or closed area. Is one of the plants listed in the NASA Clean Air Study as effective in removing formaldehyde, xylene, toluene, and ammonia from the air.


How to care:

 For Lighting: Bright, diffused light is best for Anthurium andraeanum. Make sure to protect the Anthurium from direct sunlight. Anthuriums must have that bright light in order to flower if you placed indoors, which is the case for most plants. 

For Watering and Soil: Anthuriums require moist soil, well drained and fertile. Throughout growing season, water when the surface of the potting medium is dry to the touch but will be different for everyone depending on other environmental factors like light, temperature, and humidity. 

For Humidity & Temperature: Anthuriums need very humid conditions. A humidifier is the best option, but you can also place the plant on a pebble tray or pack moist spaghum moss on the top of the soil in order to increase ambient humidity. Edges will start to brown and crisp if the air is too dry. If you have a humidity meter, a good gauge is to sustain humidity over 50%. Keep temperatures fairly warm and don't let them drop below 15°C.

For Fertilizer : To help with blooms, fertilize with a high-phosphorous food during growing season once every month.

For Repotting: When repotting, go up to a slightly larger size, no more than 1-2 inches. Anthuriums appreciate a tight-fitting pot.

For Pruning & Upkeep: The smooth, glossy leaves are a magnet for dust, so wipe them down occasionally with a soft cloth, or mist them with warm water. The spadix will often drop pollen, so some people like to prune that part to avoid any mess, and to prolong the colourful spathe. Anthuriums don’t need much pruning, but you can propagate by division.


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Common problems: 

  • Yellowing bottom leaves: Due to overwatering. The plant’s potting medium could be staying too soggy due to inadequate light, compacted soil, container without drainage, or standing in water. 
  • Leaves have brown edges: Dry air means low humidty. Boost the ambient humidity by using humidifier.
  • Fungus: Fungus breed in moist soil, so many tropical plants are prone to them. There are a number of ways to battle fungus, water the plant with diluted hydrogen peroxide and then sprinkle the soil with mosquito bits. 
  • Not flowering: Not getting enough light, too young, or is under-fertilized. Only plants over a year old will bloom, so it still a may be a young plant. If you bought it while in bloom and want to encourage new inflorescences, use a fertilizer specialized for blooms and move the plant to a brighter area.



 Author : Haziq Zainal

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